Synthèse et caractérisation des nanocomposites biodégradables élaborés par trois procédés (intercalation en solution, polymérisation in situ et par voie fondue)

Abstract : The introduction of nano-fillers into polymers field lead to the creation of the nanocomposites. This creation is starting up a new revolution into the world of materials. Nanocomposites are similar to traditional composite of a polymer blend and filler with at least one nano-scopic dimension. In our project, we worked with nanocomposites of biodegradable polymers: polyacidlactic and polycaprolactone, combined with different nanoclays "kaolin and bentonite" and with different nano-organo-clays. These nanocomposites have been prepared by different methods (solution intercalation, in situ polymerization and melt mixture methods). The advantage of these polymers is their degradability and biocompatibility. A study of the relationship between development, microsctructure and physico-chemical properties of nanocomposites, clays modified with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) and Hexadecyltriméthy ammonium bromide (CTAB) and untreated clays were made. In situ polymerization and melt mixture methods are most suitable methods to get a better dispersion named exfoliation. The study of the adsorption capacity of Co (II), Cd (II), Cu (II) and Ni (II) by these two raw adsorbents (kaolin and bentonite) increases significantly with increasing pH. This capacity is two and half times higher in the case of bentonite than in kaolin. The comparative study of adsorption kinetics, we revealed rapid kinetics of the order of 6 minutes for the Co (II), 10 min for the Ni (II), 15 min for the Cd (II) and an average kinetic order of 120 minutes for Cu (II) both for the bentonite that for kaolin. The study of the adsorption of Co (II), Cd (II), Cu (II) and Ni (II) by these materials (raw clays, organically and nanocomposites prepared by different methods) shows that the adsorption capacity of these heavy metals is important in the case modified clay by APTES
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Mohamed Amine Zenasni. Synthèse et caractérisation des nanocomposites biodégradables élaborés par trois procédés (intercalation en solution, polymérisation in situ et par voie fondue). Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0290⟩. ⟨tel-01754583⟩

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