Influences of turbulence and combustion regimes on explosions of gas-dust hydrid mixtures

Abstract : Predicting the flame propagation during a dust/gas hybrid mixture explosion in complex geometries is a challenge that mobilizes numerous resources. One approach consists on experimentally determining the inherent characteristics of dust-air mixtures, like the laminar flame speed, and using them as input for Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation programs. Nevertheless, the experimental characterization of the burning rates of turbulent dust clouds in air still delicate due to the variability of the properties of powders (particle size distribution, moisture…), the physical impossibility to generate a quiescent dust cloud and the impact of powder on the flame radiation among others. The ultimate goal of this work was to develop an approach to assess fundamental flame propagation properties, from closed vessel experiments and pressure-time evolution curves, but specially from the analysis of flame velocity as a function of its stretching and of the hydrodynamic instabilities. In a first step, the turbulence of the initial dust cloud has been studied. The impact of the pyrolysis phase on organic dusts explosion has also been highlighted both experimentally and by means of model for flash pyrolysis. Furthermore, the explosive behaviour of gas-dusts hybrid mixtures composed of pyrolysis gases and organic dusts has been analysed. Finally, the turbulence/combustion interactions during flame propagation have been studied in order to extract the “pseudo” laminar flame velocity of dusts clouds or hybrid mixtures
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Nicolas Cuervo Rodriguez. Influences of turbulence and combustion regimes on explosions of gas-dust hydrid mixtures. Food and Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0300⟩. ⟨tel-01754596⟩

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