Application d’une nouvelle taxonomie à la conception et l’évaluation ergonomique de systèmes de réalité augmentée pour le fantassin

Abstract : Whether in the civil or military field, technological progress in these last decades allowed the emergence of new communication systems improving greatly information exchanges. These new capabilities raise issues concerning the relevant display modalities in the context of the dismounted soldier. The concept of "Augmented Reality" or AR, has been explored to provide tactical information directly into the soldier's field of view through the use of of AR "glasses" or Head-Mounted Display (HMD). Soon, the use of this type of device raised many technical issues as well as Human Factors ones. Indeed, these emerging interfaces fundamentally differ from traditional two-dimensional screen-based HCI. It therefore raises specific ergonomic issues that need to be studied to design relevant AR systems adapted to the future infantry land warfare. In order to provide ergonomic design guidelines, the work of this thesis focused first on the development of a methodological framework tailored to AR. This taxonomy, named WOTSH&R, was then applied to the ergonomic evaluation, through various exploratory studies on military AR systems. It was successful in identifying and addressing the major problem of depth perception in particular. Finally, this taxonomy was also used for design purposes and allowed the development of two innovative augmented reality proofs of concept.
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Thomas Dazenière. Application d’une nouvelle taxonomie à la conception et l’évaluation ergonomique de systèmes de réalité augmentée pour le fantassin. Sociologie. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0374⟩. ⟨tel-01754600⟩

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