Formation des chondres et relation avec leurs auréoles de matrice à grains fins

Abstract : The most primitive meteorites, the chondrites, are our best witnesses of solar system birth and formation of first solids as well as processes that formed the first planetary bodies. Both chondrules, which are ferromagnesian igneous spherules, and fine-grained matrix, constitute the largest volume fraction of primitive chondrites. Their origin still constitutes a matter of debate. This thesis questions the relationship between chondrules and fine-grained matrix, called fine-grained rims, that frequently overlay chondrules in primitive carbonaceous chondrites. By taking the example of Vigarano (CV3), we explore the idea that chondrules and fine-grained rims could form in a continuum of physical and chemical conditions. This thesis combines both experimental and characterization approaches, with an experimental determination of olivine dissolution rates in molten silicates representative of type I chondrule melts and a detailed petrographic characterization of mineralogy, fabrics and oxygen isotopic composition of chondrules and their fine-grained rims in Vigarano. This work suggests that chondrules and their fine-grained rims could register a continuous interaction with surrounding gas, with first, chondrule formation from liquid/gas interaction (solubility) and then fine-grained rim formation, at lower temperature and from solid/gas interaction (condensation)
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Camille Soulié. Formation des chondres et relation avec leurs auréoles de matrice à grains fins. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0378⟩. ⟨tel-01754614⟩

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