Mise au point de revêtements protecteurs pour le gainage du combustible en alliage de vanadium V-4Cr-4Ti destiné aux RNR-Na

Abstract : The use of vanadium alloy V-4Cr-4Ti as fuel cladding in the generation IV sodium cooled fast reactor (SFR) is considered with a great interest thanks to its attractive physico-chimicals properties namely: a good compatibility with liquid sodium, a high neutronic transparency,a good mechanical properties even under irradiation. However, the dissolution of oxygen in vanadium leads to its hardening. This behavior imposes, consequently, the use of on external protection as coatings that can be considered as a barrier against oxygen diffusion contained in liquid sodium at very low concentrations (a few ppm). In this work, binary and ternary diffusional silicides coatings are produced mainly by halide activated pack cementation. Their ability to protect the substrate in media simulating a SFR’s conditions, with a low oxidation potential of O2, is proved according to the results of oxidation tests in impure helium at 650 ° C and corrosion in sodium liquid at 550 ° C (CorroNa test at CEA de Saclay). Other air oxidation tests (cyclic, isothermal and creep-bending 3 points) showed good resistance of coatings at temperatures above 900°C due to the formation of a protective layer of SiO2, adherent and compact. In another part of this work, the microstructural stability of the cladding/coating system in accidental conditions is studied. This required the calculation of interdiffusion coefficients using models of multilayer growth as proposed by Wagner and mutual consumption as proposed by Buscaglia. Finally, the isothermal section at 1200 ° C and the liquidus projection of V-Cr-Si system are studied. This step, preliminary to the study of quaternary V-Cr-Ti-Si system, should allow as a perspective the optimization of the architecture of the coating and help to understand the oxidation mechanisms
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Nabil Chaia. Mise au point de revêtements protecteurs pour le gainage du combustible en alliage de vanadium V-4Cr-4Ti destiné aux RNR-Na. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0149⟩. ⟨tel-01754633⟩

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