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La Religion comme thème littéraire : la question du jeu dans les mystères d’Adonis, de la Mère, de Glycon (Plutarque-Lucien-Philostrate)

Abstract : This study focuses mainly on two treaties of Plutarch, the De Iside and the Roman Questions, on the Lucian’ Syrian Goddess and his lampoon Alexander or the false prophet, at last on Philostratus’ Life of Apollonios of Tyana. It questions the philosophical, euristic and rhetoric meaning of the ancient mysteries’ use in these literary texts of imperial period. Are concerned the mysteries of Adonis, the Goddess Mother and Glyco. The first part, which is focused on the Adonia, tries to show that Philostratus, in The Life of Apollonius 7. 32, not only revives Aristophanus’s sarcastic remarks (and its heirs) on the worship, but also uses the Platonic interpretation on the gardens of Adonis, in order to explain the meaning he gives to Domitian’s reign. The Platonic reading of this ritual seems moreover to be one of the reasons of Plutarch’s silence on Adonis in the De Iside. In fact, the philosophical theology developed in the text appears inconsistent to us with the Greek or Semitic practices in honour of the Lover of Aphrodite-Astarte. The second part furthermore examines the use of ‘the goddess mother’. On the one hand, we tried to show that the concept allows to consider the maternity of Isis, then the representation of Apollonius into Anti-Attis, at last the caricatural deformation of Alexander’s portrait, the false prophet. On the other hand, the euristic function of the concept, which appears in these examples, seems developed also in the mysteric context of The syrian goddess. Lucian indeed examines the religion of the native land by the language and the culture of his adopted country. While he proclaims his Greekness, he became fully what he never ceased to be : an Assyrian. The investigation into the worship of Glyco, in the third part at last, offers another interpretation of Alexander or the false prophet. Perhaps, the traditional myths and mysteries are used there in a rhetorical purpose. Lucian’s rhetoric seems to present to the reader a sort of Glyco-Alexander’s mythology. This mythology we tried to define, according to the tradition of the mysteries (almost always related to a mythology), helps to make the caricature of Alexander more effective.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 30, 2018 - 9:56:03 AM
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Raphaël Martin Diégane Wade. La Religion comme thème littéraire : la question du jeu dans les mystères d’Adonis, de la Mère, de Glycon (Plutarque-Lucien-Philostrate). Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0304⟩. ⟨tel-01754645⟩



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