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Consolidation of Metal Powders through Severe Plastic Deformation : High Pressure Torsion : Experiments and Modeling

Abstract : Severe plastic deformation (SPD) processes can impose extremely large strains to a metal and transforming the metallurgical state of the material by introducing high dislocation density and high level of microstructure refinement. In the present thesis work High Pressure Torsion (HPT) experiments were performed for consolidation of different powders including Nano- and Micro- scaled iron powders. The experiments were carried out successfully at room temperature, achieving both low level of residual porosity and significant grain refinement, thanks to the intense shear strain and hydrostatic pressure applied in HPT. The compaction was done in two steps: first axial compaction, then shear deformation by rotating the bottom part of the HPT die while maintaining the axial force constant. The homogeneity of shear strain across the thickness of the disk was examined by local strain measurement, showing a gradient distribution. X-ray diffraction analysis was carried out on the consolidated samples which revealed no significant proportion of oxides. The effect of shear deformation on the microstructure and texture was investigated by metallographic scanning electron microscopy and electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD). The micro-hardness and average porosity of the samples as a function of shear strain at constant hydrostatic pressure were also measured. A modeling frame implemented into the Taylor model was developed to simulate the effect of Grain Boundary Sliding (GBS) on the evolution of crystallographic texture. The main effect found is a shift of the ideal orientations under simple shear conditions, which was verified experimentally. The consolidation process by HPT was simulated numerically using the finite element method together with a powder plasticity model. The simulation of the consolidation process permitted to confirm the experimentally observed average residual porosity and the different gradients in the plastic strain. The local density distribution was also modeled
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Yajun Zhao. Consolidation of Metal Powders through Severe Plastic Deformation : High Pressure Torsion : Experiments and Modeling. Other. Université de Lorraine, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0104⟩. ⟨tel-01754678⟩



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