Étude d'inclusions vitreuses dans les olivines des chondres de type : apport sur la formation de leurs olivines hôte

Abstract : Chondrules, witnesses of the beginning of the Solar System still have a debated origin ti this day. In particular, the origin of chondrules' olivines is still poorly understood. Were they formed by magmatism or condensation processes? Inherited or grown directly within the chondrule? In order to answer this, a detailed chemical study was undertook on glass inclusions trapped in Mg-rich olivines from Allende (CV3) meteorite. 3D images and chemical depth profiles showed a similar behavior between Allende's inclusions and synthetic magmatic ones, which is an argument in favor of a magmatic origin for olivines. Glass inclusions were then heated at high temperature (1 800 °C) via a new and unique heating stage developed during the project, in order to study the homogeneous glasses. High Na2O amounts in heated inclusions show that they behave as closed systems and that olivines formed in a Na-rich environment. Because Na is highly volatile at high temperatures, such an environment is hard to reconcile with olivines forming by condensation or magmatism within chondrules. This suggests that olivines are inherited. Measurements of REE were performed via SIMS in inclusions and hosts olivines in order to calculate the crystallization rates necessary to olivines formation. Chemical compositions of parent magmas, calculated from crystallization rates correspond to those expected from previous experimental studies. They suggest that olivines from chondrules form within molten planetesimals of global CI to CV composition
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Léa Florentin. Étude d'inclusions vitreuses dans les olivines des chondres de type : apport sur la formation de leurs olivines hôte. Sciences de la Terre. Université de Lorraine, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0059⟩. ⟨tel-01758222⟩

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