Microréacteurs photocatalytiques utilisant des oxydes métalliques semi-conducteurs sensibilisés par des Quantum Dots CuInS2/ZnS

Abstract : The pollution of hospital effluents by pharmaceutical drugs, requires the development of new treatment techniques. Among these processes, photocatalysis is one of the most efficient one and allows the remediation of this kind of pollution. However, metal oxides used for photocatalysis (TiO2, ZnO, …) can only be activated by UV light. The association of these oxides with quantum dots (QDs) creates an heterojunction, which not only allows to extend the activation spectrum of the photocatalyst to the visible region but also decreases the charge carriers recombinations. The first part of this work describes the development of a catalyst responding to solar light irradiation for the degradation of the Orange II dye. First, we characterized the heterojunction created between ZnO and the CuInS2/ZnS (ZCIS) QDs and evaluated their photocatalytic efficiency. This work was undertaken by evaluating the capacity of the ZnO/ZCIS catalyst to produce reactive oxygen species (ROS). In the second part, we studied the photodegradation of the antineoplastic agent Ifosfamide commonly found in hospital effluents. For this purpose, closed and agitated reactors but also microreactors were used. In both cases, Ifosfamide, and the compounds originating from its degradation, can be fully photodegraded under simulated light of weak intensity (5 mW/cm2) using the ZnO/ZCIS catalyst. In the case of microreactors, the deposition of the catalyst was optimized and its stability evaluated. Results obtained demonstrate that the ZnO/ZCIS catalyst can be reused, at least five times, without significant loss in activity, thus demonstrating its ability to be used in real photocatalytic applications
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Florian Donat. Microréacteurs photocatalytiques utilisant des oxydes métalliques semi-conducteurs sensibilisés par des Quantum Dots CuInS2/ZnS. Génie des procédés. Université de Lorraine, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0085⟩. ⟨tel-01759654⟩

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