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Synthèse et polymérisation de monomères acryliques perfluorés : caractérisations physico-chimiques de leurs polymères

Abstract : A lot of studies showing the water-repellency of fluorine-containing polyacrylates were reported since 1950. A string connection between these surface properties and the structure of the polymers (bilayer organization of the perfluorinated lateral chains) has been demonstrated. The purpose of this work is the synthesis and the polymerization of new functionalized fluorine-containing acrylic monomers. Then physical and chemical properties of these compounds are investigated. In a firt part, we describe the synthesis of acrylic monomers bearing different kind of organic group (mesogenic group). Particularly, we investigate the free radical addition of perfluorinated mercaptans to [omega]-unsaturated alcohols and the Fisher esterification of ?-hydroxyl sulfide with acrylic acid. In second part, the homopolymerization and copolymerization of the previous monomers is studied. Then, the results of physical and chemical properties determinations are detailed. The investigation of the changes of the thermal, strutural and surface properties of [omega]-perfluorooctyl-alkyl acrylates with the increasing of the number of methylen group into the lateral chains, shows an even-odd effect. Structural and thermal properties of fluorine-containing polyacrylates can be increased significantly by adding an organic group into the lateral chain. The mesogenic group effet of these moieties is demonstrated. Finally, a sulfonated monomer is copolymerized with butyl acrylate in one hand and in second with stearyl crylate. The two copolymers water-repellencies are investigated and compared to commercial compounds. The good results obtained and the quite simple synthesis of this monomer, afford a possible commercial use.
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Bernard Pees. Synthèse et polymérisation de monomères acryliques perfluorés : caractérisations physico-chimiques de leurs polymères. Chimie. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2000. Français. ⟨NNT : 2000METZ056S⟩. ⟨tel-01775415⟩

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