Approche psychodynamique de la résilience : Etude clinique projective comparée d'enfants ayant été victimes de maltraitance familiale et placés en famille d'accueil

Abstract : After having introduced the theoretical/clinical research project by a historical backdrop of resilience and the proposition of a conceptual framework, the author attempts to refine and formalize the processes at play in resilience, based on psychoanalytical, theoretical referents. She centres her work on the four modalities liable to ensure a function of protection against adversity, while considering internal factors : The role of the defences of the Self, the richness of the Imagination, the quality of mentalization, and an external factor : The "resilience tutor". The author proceeds with a compared study of contrasted unique cases (12 children that have all undergone the trauma of child abuse). The methodology used herein relies on the analysis of an interview (targeted at appreciating certain characteristics of the resilience tutor) and on that of projective tests (Royer tales, Rorschach test, drawings). The results obtained emphasize the importance of defence mechanisms in the first phase of the resistance against the trauma : They constitute the preliminary stage towards building up the trauma. Insofar as the three other hypotheses are concerned, conformation is somewhat less univocal.
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Amandine Theis. Approche psychodynamique de la résilience : Etude clinique projective comparée d'enfants ayant été victimes de maltraitance familiale et placés en famille d'accueil. Psychologie. Université Nancy 2, 2006. Français. ⟨NNT : 2006NAN21003⟩. ⟨tel-01776515⟩

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