Use of Thermodynamics with Finite Speed for the Study and Optimization of Carnot Cycle and Stirling Machines

Abstract : The stated subject needed an important bibliographic research for the publications in the field of Thermodynamics with Finite Speed (TFS) and Thermodynamics in Finite Time (TFT), and more than that. The first chapter is dedicated to the current status in the chosen subject. A synthesis of worldwide energetic aspects, main considerations on Stirling machines, main methods for analysis and optimization are presented. An important paragraph is the comparison between TFS and TFT, since the original contributions represent two methods, one from TFS and the other one from TFT. The second chapter is dedicated to the original contributions in the field of TFS: adjustment of the Direct Method to the study and optimization of reverse cycle machines with internal and external irreversibilities; correction of the Schmidt method by considering the effective kinematics of the studied machine; development of a sensitivity study to analyze the effects of each irreversibility; adaptation of the Direct Method to the study and optimization of Stirling solar engines and solar assemblies receiver - concentrator - Stirling engine - electric generator; validation of the proposed scheme par comparison with experimental data; research practical utilization: a proposed solar system for electric energy and hydrogen (as an energy career) production. The third chapter is dedicated to the original contributions in the field of TFT. A thermodynamic model pour for the study and optimization of thermal machines is proposed and applied to the Carnot cycle, for more cases, for linear and non linear convective and radiative heat transfer laws. Existence of experimental data allowed the operating simulation and validation of the model. The general conclusions and perspectives are presented.
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Camelia Petre. Use of Thermodynamics with Finite Speed for the Study and Optimization of Carnot Cycle and Stirling Machines. Other. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2007. Romanian. ⟨NNT : 2007NAN10115⟩. ⟨tel-01777258⟩

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