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Films polymériques pour le développement de stents innovants

Abstract : Emergency management of ischemic pathologies is initially based on thrombolysis and / or angioplasty and secondly on hygiene-dietetic measures. Angioplasty consists of the destruction of the obstacle located in the artery and is often followed (in 70% of cases) by placing a stent so that the damaged vessel regains its diameter. Despite therapeutic innovations (drug eluting stents), problems of thrombosis and restenosis in the injured site are often observed. However, nitric oxide, NO, has interesting properties (platelet antiaggregant, endothelial cell recruitment effect, antiproliferative effect on smooth muscle cells) against this phenomenon at physiological concentration. In this work, we developed an innovative formulation that can deposited on a stent and that will be able to deliver NO. AuNP grafted with a high density of NO donors (AuNP@RSNO) will be incorporated in layer-by-layer films composed of polyelectrolytes (electrostatic interactions between polycations and polyanions) Here AuNPs are considered as a pharmaceutical raw material. A quantification method and a quality control of them were therefore developed. Created films created showed an important stability (> 1 year) and were able to immobilize a large number of AuNP (1012 AuNP/cm²/cycle). In order to increase the loading rate of AuNP films, optimization of their construction was carried out. Several polycations were tested (poly (allylamine hydrochloride), poly (ethylene glycol) and poly (methacrylate ester)) as well as two different dissolution media (phosphate buffer and Tris buffer, same pH and concentrations). The best stability/loading ratio was achieved with the use of poly (allylamine) hydrochloride and Tris buffer. Finally, the films showed inertness when they were exposed to proteins, cells and whole blood. The developed system is therefore well suited to be deposited on the surface of stents
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 15, 2020 - 10:06:16 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 10:11:56 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01905755, version 1


Arnaud Pallotta. Films polymériques pour le développement de stents innovants. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Lorraine, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0192⟩. ⟨tel-01905755⟩



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