Carbon materials synthesis by Hydrothermal Carbonization of olive stones : Process and Product Characterization

Abstract : Hydrothermal carbonization process uses green waste from municipalities (Wood chips, sewage sludge, bagasse, leaves …) to produce solid bio-coal. The solid HTC product known as hydrochar commonly used as a fuel or fertilizer but it could be converted also into high- value products like activated carbon. The principal purpose of this thesis is to study the conversion of olive stones, widely available lignocellulosic biomass in Tunisia and Mediterranean country, into hydrochar and then activated carbon. In this study, a laboratory scale batch reactor has been designed and built. The hydrothermally carbonized olive stones were prepared at different reaction severity and with addition of salts, acid or ammonia. All prepared hydrochar are characterized by different analysis methods. The HTC water was also analyzed and the results show that HTC-liquid contains high added value components such as furfural and 5-HMF. The hydrothermally carbonized olive stones were activated by both physical activation, using CO2 and chemical activation, using KOH. The materials had high surface area (as high as 1400 m2 g-1) and rich surface chemistry. The potential for pharmaceuticals (Ibuprofen and Metronidazole) and hydrogen adsorption were assessed for HTC-activated carbon and they showed good performance in both application
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Asma Jeder. Carbon materials synthesis by Hydrothermal Carbonization of olive stones : Process and Product Characterization. Chemical Sciences. Université de Lorraine; Université de Gabès (Tunisie), 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0219⟩. ⟨tel-01906214⟩

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