Deformation mechanisms of polycrystalline Ni-Mn-Ga alloy induced by mechanical and thermo-mechanical training

Abstract : External field training is proven to be an effective way to improve the magnetic-field-induced strain (MFIS) in Ni-Mn-Ga Heusler type alloys by eliminating the unfavorable variants. To guide the training procedure, the training mechanisms of alloys with 5M or NM martensite have been investigated, whereas those for alloys with 7M martensite are not fully clarified. In this work, the mechanisms of mechanical and thermo-mechanical training were studied by analyzing the microstructure and crystallographic orientation evolution during these processes. Firstly, microstructure and crystallographic characterizations were performed on the as-annealed Ni50Mn30Ga20 alloy. 5 colonies transformed from one parent austenite grain were observed with each colony consisting of four variants with Type-I, Type-II and compound Transformation (TrF)-twin relations. By assuming an applied compressive load along the solidification direction (SD), 5 colonies could be divided into two groups with respect of the Schmid factor (SF) of detwinning systems of Type-I/Type-II TrF-twin of the in-colony variants: three of them have high SF and referred to as high SF colonies and the other two low SF colonies. Then unidirectional compression was performed on the alloy with the load applied along the SD. By characterizing the microstructure evolution and crystallographic orientation change, the deformation mechanisms were analyzed. The deformation in the early stage was mainly located in some band regions initiated from the high SF colonies and going through the low SF colonies. The detwinning of Type-II/Type-I TrF-twin occurred primarily in high SF colonies, resulting in the thickening of the favorable 7M variants at the expense of the adjacent variants. The twinning of Type-I/Type-II Deformation (DeF)-twin and shuffling systems of the variants in low SF colonies were activated, leading to the formation of new 7M variants and NM. The corresponding strains in the low SF colonies were highly coordinated with those in the high SF colonies allowing the formation of the deformation bands and the accommodation of the macroscopic strain. During the late stage, twinning of Type-I/Type-II DeF-twin and shuffling further progressed to coordinate the macroscopic strain. Reverse shuffling process was activated to accommodate the local deformation. The numbers of colony and variant were greatly reduced. The path and the product of martensitic transformation were also strongly affected by the imposed macroscopic deformation. Under a small load, austenite transformed to 5M martensite following both the Pitsch and a new OR rather than the self-accommodated 7M martensite under the Pitsch OR. With the increase of the applied load, austenite transformed almost simultaneously to 7M martensite under a new OR and 5M martensite. After the martensitic transformation, 5M further transformed to 7M martensite with the decrease of the temperature under the applied load. The martensitic transformation was modified by the external stress in terms of the transformation product and the transformation strain path to accommodate the imposed macroscopic deformation. This work offers new insights into the deformation mechanisms of the Ni-Mn-Ga alloys under unidirectional compression that are useful for the design of effective training procedures and provides new perspectives on further investigations of external field training on Ni-Mn-Ga alloys
Document type :
Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/ulprive/DDOC_T_2017_0358_ZOU.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01917253
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Submitted on : Friday, November 9, 2018 - 11:43:51 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 28, 2019 - 3:40:16 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01917253, version 1

Citation

Naifu Zou. Deformation mechanisms of polycrystalline Ni-Mn-Ga alloy induced by mechanical and thermo-mechanical training. Mechanics of materials [physics.class-ph]. Université de Lorraine; Northeastern University (Shenyang), 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0358⟩. ⟨tel-01917253⟩

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