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Rhéologie et contrôle des écoulements de dispersions granulaires par l'application de vibrations

Abstract : This work is funded by the European Founds Interreg VA ("PowderReg" project). The optimization of the transport, storage and mixture of granular dispersions involves their flow control, by adding mechanical vibrations, for example. The present work enables a better understanding of the influence of the vibrations on the apparent rheology of model granular dispersions in the quasi-static regime. Experimental and numerical studies were carried out in order to probe the modifications of the local dynamic and heterogeneities that appear during the flow. Two geometries, interesting for diverse applications in fundamental science, geophysics and industries, were studied: the Couette cell geometry and the inclined plane. In the first step, refractive-index matching technique, coupled to the planar laser induced fluorescence was used to make measurements in granular suspensions in a vibrated Couette cell geometry. Vibrations make the rheology local by homogenizing the system. They suppress the yield stress and result in the appearance of a Newtonian plateau at the low shear, intrinsic to the local dynamic, which is diffusive in nature. It appears that the rearrangement time of the particles, depending on the intensity of the vibrations, is linked to a free volume available around each particle. The numerical study of this geometry in the case of a dry granular dispersion shows similar results. In the second step, flows of dry granular dispersions down the inclined and vibrated plane were realized. This study was completed with a numerical work. The results demonstrated the existence of two distinct regimes under vibrations. The behavior in the gravity-driven regime is not affected by the vibrations and a Bagnold profile is observed. The vibrations mainly cause the decrease of the basal friction and thus influence the height of the deposits. In the vibration-driven regime, however, flows are triggered by the vibrations themselves. It appears that they induce velocity fluctuations that create a granular temperature. That temperature allows the activation of the reorganizations at the grain scale. This suppresses the apparent yield responsible for the flow jamming, and thus enables their control through the shear rate
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 18, 2020 - 4:29:11 PM
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Naïma Gaudel. Rhéologie et contrôle des écoulements de dispersions granulaires par l'application de vibrations. Matériaux. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0154⟩. ⟨tel-01948691⟩

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