Developpement and characterization of new dosage forms based on drug containing aqueous colloidal polymer dispersion

Abstract : Currently, the poor bioavailability of some drugs may limit their use in clinics. The poor bioavailability can be related to a low solubility of the drug and/or a low permeability through biological barriers. BCS (Biopharmacceutical Classifictation System) allows drugs classification as a function of their aqueous solubility and intestinal permeability. The aim of this work is to enhance the bioavailability of poorly available drugs. On one hand, nanosuspensions containing poorly soluble drugs were prepared and characterised. To be absorbed, the drug should be available in its molecular form at the site of absorption; so a sufficient solubility is needed. The hypothesis of our work is to consider that the incorporation of poorly soluble drugs into a polymeric carrier may increase drug solubility and consequently enhance drug bioavailability. The incorporation of different lipophilic drugs (celecoxib, diclofenac, econazole, ibuprofen, ivermectin and warfarin) shows a great enhancement of drug solubility. Physico-chemical characterization as well as in vivo pharmacokinetics studies have been performed. The obtained results, does not allow to confirm our hypothesis except formulations prepared with Eudragit® RL 30D. On the other hand, a heparin gel destined to a topic application has been prepared. The gel is obtained by electrostatical interaction between heparin (polyanion) and a polymeric polycationic nanosuspension. Heparin has been successfully incorporated into the gel and drug may be delivered to obtain a local action of heparin and thus, avoiding its systemic effects
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Cristina Loira-Pastoriza. Developpement and characterization of new dosage forms based on drug containing aqueous colloidal polymer dispersion. Human health and pathology. Université de Lorraine; Freie Universität (Berlin), 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0175⟩. ⟨tel-02074130⟩

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