Procédé alternatif pour l’épuration des fumées de hauts fourneaux

Abstract : In order to enable the establishment of a CO2 recovery chain sector from the steel industry, this study aims to propose a new filtration device for the dust removal of blast furnace fumes that would be placed after the current treatment chain to improve their purification. The originality of the chosen technology, a trickle bed, permits to maintain a constant pressure drop by re-entraining continuously the particles trapped on collectors thanks to a water film flow to overcome the clogging problem. A hydrodynamic study and efficiency measurements lead with particles (in a range of diameters between 0.5 and 10 μm) showed that the pressure drop and the initial efficiency increase with the decrease of the collector diameter, which is in agreement with the results of the literature for dry granular beds. The presence of water increases the initial collection efficiency at the expense of a higher pressure drop. These observations are related to the decrease of the bed porosity in presence of a water flow. A good compromise between pressure drop and efficiency was found for an air flow rate of 20 m3.h-1, a liquid flow rate of 12 L.min-1 and using a 50 cm bed composed of glass beads of 5 mm diameter. Long-term clogging tests showed that the efficiency of the bed remains globally constant over time at a value close to the initial one. The pressure drop, although higher at the beginning of the experiment than that of a dry granular bed, stabilizes rapidly at a much lower value than that measured for a dry granular bed for the same mass of particles collected. The experiments have been carried out over 30 h under disadvantageous conditions, and we can expect that under real operating conditions the pressure drop will be stable over much longer times. Thus, the presence of water plays its part by limiting the clogging evolution of the granular bed by the re-entrainment of particles collected by the bed. This study was completed by the development of a model to determine the pressure drop and initial efficiency of a trickle bed, which resulted in an example of pre-sizing of a process on an industrial scale.
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Guillemette Thieffry. Procédé alternatif pour l’épuration des fumées de hauts fourneaux. Génie des procédés. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0288⟩. ⟨tel-02109705⟩

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