Caractérisation expérimentale et modélisation du panneau composite bois-ciment

Abstract : Lightweight concretes made from wood fibres and Portland cement paste are a new alternative for the reduction of the environmental impact of buildings. They are used in sustainable constructions as secondary elements for their thermal, hydric and mechanical performance. However, the generalisation of their use is not possible without resolving certain scientific obstacles related to their characterisation. Hence the aim of the present work, which is to contribute towards their characterisation through experimentation and numerical simulation. The Young's modulus and tensile strength were measured through flexural and compression tests. A numerical model has also been developed to predict the behaviour of specimens under bending test as well as their structural response when used as permanent formwork. In particular, the model helps to choose the optimum parameters for a better design of the formwork system. The study of the hygrothermal behaviour of the wood-cement material was carried out using both experimental work and simulation. The equations of coupled heat and moisture transfers for a porous medium have been implemented in the Comsol Multiphysics® software. The developed model has been applied and validated on several dynamic responses resulting from hygro-thermal tests carried out in the laboratory. The obtained physico-thermal properties of the wood-cement composite material were then incorporated into the Abaqus code via a Umatht user subroutine to simulate its high temperature behavior. The temperature profiles are evaluated and compared with the charring tests performed using a radiant panel on samples exposed to a uniform heat flux of 6kW/m². The simulations show that the developed model is able to predict the temperature profiles, the area and the depth of the charred layer during fire exposure.
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Mengya Li. Caractérisation expérimentale et modélisation du panneau composite bois-ciment. Matériaux. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0302⟩. ⟨tel-02109854⟩

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