Connaitre les origines des paysages de la ville et de l’urbain, pour en débattre et agir : expérimentations pratiquées sur la Métropole du Grand Nancy

Abstract : The European convention of the landscape and the problem of the Historic Urban landscapes proposed by UNESCO, confirm the importance of a good knowledge of the landscapes for a management of the built frame answering the current needs. But, in France, atlas of the landscape, essential elements of the landscaped politics, don’t take into consideration the urban landscapes, apparently for methodological motives. The objective is to think about the methods which can improve this Knowledge.The first part makes the state of the art of the subject, calls back the role of the landscapes in the individual and collective daily well-being, lists the speaker and the doctrines and establishes a balance sheet of the current steps. A second part redraws the methods of the geographical discipline to approach the landscape of the city and its exchanges with other disciplines: the town planning, the landscape, the architecture. The third part is an experiment which leans on an atlas of the landscapes of Meurthe-et-Moselle and deepens the territory of the Metropolis of Grand Nancy. The reserved method, stemming from the practice of transect, is accompanied by limited landscaped analyses coming from the method of the statutory landscaped based on the Landscape Law of 1993. About ten sectors are examined: center, city entrance, lot, large set industrial parks. This approach allows to formulate some methodological proposals which enclose the experiment.
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Jean-Marie Simon. Connaitre les origines des paysages de la ville et de l’urbain, pour en débattre et agir : expérimentations pratiquées sur la Métropole du Grand Nancy. Géographie. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0310⟩. ⟨tel-02140975⟩

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