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Espace graphique et oralités vivaces : lecture ethnocritique des premiers romans de Marcel Aymé

Abstract : This study proposes to examine the relationship between the visible or non-visible structure of the first novels by Marcel Aymé (1902-1967) and the presence of numerous aspects of orality in the novels. An ethnocritical approach to these narratives makes it possible to combine a poetics of the novel with an anthropology of symbols. We base our study first of all on a theory of the “talking novel” (“roman parlant”) related to the period between the two world wars, which corresponds to the period when Marcel Aymé began publishing his work. Then we trace the presence and awareness of writing (as opposed to orality) through an examination of the stylistic effects of what could be called a composite form of writing and the role of these effects in the overall strategy of the author. In effect, we perceive intertextual echoes of the classics but also an interest in new forms of literary and cinematographic expression. The particular attention to narrative voice, but also the presence of the burlesque and of irony, are elements that help one to understand the aesthetic choices of the young author and the cultural style of his novels. In the central part of this analysis the characters are studied in the perspective of their search for identity and of their way of coming to terms with the public and social systems with which they are confronted through events involving their civil status (marriage, death, etc.). Their relationship with the image and power of numeracy is another important dimension of the complex dynamics of this search for identity. The voices that one hears in the narration, public or private, individual or collective, consensual or dissenting, are examined for the clues they yield concerning the cultural tensions present within the communities represented in the novels. The last part of the thesis examines the conflict and convergence between literacy as a “habitus” and the living traces of orality as they appear in the novels of the corpus (Brûlebois, Aller retour, La Table-aux-Crevés). This study also aims at being open to the world of Marcel Aymé as a whole and at being attentive to the interrelations between all the publications of the author, including his newspaper articles and his plays.
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Valérie Jacob Blanchemanche. Espace graphique et oralités vivaces : lecture ethnocritique des premiers romans de Marcel Aymé. Littératures. Université de Lorraine, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0222⟩. ⟨tel-02459533⟩

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