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La méthode LS-STAG avec schémas diamants pour l'approximation de la diffusion : une méthode de type "cut-cell" précise et efficace pour les écoulements incompressibles en géométries 3D complexes

Abstract : The LS-STAG method is a cartesian method for the computations of incompressible flows in complex geometries, which consists in an accurate discretisation of the Navier-Stokes equations in cut-cells, polyhedral cells with complex shape made by the intersection of cartesian mesh and the immersed boundary. Originally developed for 2D geometries, where only three types of generic cut-cells appear, its extension to 3D geometries has to deal with the large amount of cut-cells types (108). Recently, the LS-STAG method had been extended to 3D complex geometries whose boundary is parallel to an axis of the cartesian coordinate system, where there are only the extruded counterparts of 2D cut-cells. This study highlighted two points to deal with in order to develop a totally 3D method: firstly, the computation of diffusive fluxes by a simple 2-points scheme has shown to be insufficiently accurate in 3D-extruded cut-cells due to the non-orthogonality. In addition to that, implementation of these fluxes on the immersed boundary, which is done with a case by case discretisation according to the type of the cut-cells, appears to be too difficult for its successful extension to the several extra types of 3D cut-cells, and needs to be simplified and rationalized. In this thesis, the first point is solved by using the diamond scheme tool, firstly studied in 2D for the heat equation then for the Navier-Stokes equations in Boussinesq approximation, and finally extended to 3D. Moreover, the diamond schemes have been used to fully revisit the discretisation of shear stresses from Navier-Stokes equations, where the case by case procedure is removed. These modifications have permitted to come up with a systematic discretisation that is accurate and algorithmically efficient for flows in totally 3D geometries. The numerical validation of the LS-STAG method with diamond schemes is presented for a series of test cases in 2D and 3D complex geometries. The precision is firstly assessed by comparison with analytical solutions in 2D, then in 3D by the simulation of Stokes flow between two concentric spheres. The robustess of the method is highlighted by the simulations of flows past a rotating sphere, in laminar modes (steady and unsteady), as well as in a weakly turbulent mode.
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Brice Portelenelle. La méthode LS-STAG avec schémas diamants pour l'approximation de la diffusion : une méthode de type "cut-cell" précise et efficace pour les écoulements incompressibles en géométries 3D complexes. Analyse numérique [math.NA]. Université de Lorraine, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0136⟩. ⟨tel-02460752⟩

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