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Theses

Action & texte : éléments de pragmatique et de linguistique textuelle à l’usage d’apprenants chinois de français juridique

Abstract : The thesis focuses on the didactics of legal French in the context of Chinese learners. We aim to analyze the specificity of legal language through the theory of speech act to demonstrate that legal language is a language of action. Through the theory of textual linguistics, and the “text-action” theory of Ricœur, adapted in the language-culture didactics of Achard-Bayle, we associate the textual analyses of legal discourse with the action perspective for vocational training.We analyze three legal French textbooks: Penfornis’s Le français du droit (1998); Soignet's le Français juridique (2003) ; and Damette and Dargirolle’s Méthode de français juridique (2012). The analyses are carried out on three respective axes: the first axis is on professional skills and training in legal French; the second axis is fixed on language-culture in the field of legal French; the third axis is on the action perspective and the design of the project in legal French.Debono suggests to reflect on an intercultural approach to legal French. Indeed, we find that by translating the word liberty into Chinese as ziyou, we have omitted the meaning of a limitation to the right. Otherwise, the Chinese often confuse the two words “power” and “right”, because on the one hand, the two words are homonymous, they are pronounced in the same way: quanli. On the other hand, the word “right” did not exist in the glossary of Chinese classical words. Hence, there is the confusion between the two distinct notions, which are in use in Europe. Thus, we reveal the language-culture link in legal French.Legal French is a vocational training. Learners acquire not only language skills of communication, but also professional expertise, mobilize expertise, know-how, ability to act, know-say and reflective knowledge. These professional skills can be acquired through learning the projects which consists of tasks. The action perspective in legal French aims to train social actors—future legal professionals who are able to act and cooperate in real-life situations in the life of legal French in society.The intercultural approach to legal French allows us to cross the techno-terminological aspect in the learning of legal French. With the action perspective, we propose to learn with projects and to build a co-cultural approach, which allows the learners from different cultures to build or share a common long- term culture through the process of learning
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/ulprive/DDOC_T_2019_0195_XIANG.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-02503602
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 10, 2020 - 10:16:44 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 2, 2020 - 2:54:46 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-02503602, version 1

Citation

Jing Xiang. Action & texte : éléments de pragmatique et de linguistique textuelle à l’usage d’apprenants chinois de français juridique. Linguistique. Université de Lorraine, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0195⟩. ⟨tel-02503602⟩

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