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DC programming and DCA for physical layer security in wireless network

Abstract : Physical layer security is to enable confidential data transmission through wireless networks in the presence of illegitimate users, without basing on higher-layer encryption. The essence of physical layer security is to maximize the secrecy rate, that is the maxi- mum rate of information without intercepted by the eavesdroppers. Besides, the design of physical layer security considers the transmit power minimization. These two objectives conflict with each other. Consequently, the research on physical layer security designs often focuses on the two main classes of optimization problems: maximizing secrecy rate under the transmit power constraint and minimizing power consumption while guaranteeing the secrecy rate constraint. These problems are nonconvex, thus, hard to solve. In this thesis, we focus on developing optimization approaches to solve these two optimization problem classes. Our methods are based on DC (Difference of Convex functions) programming and DCA (DC Algorithm) which well-known as one of the most powerful approaches in optimization. In the first part, we consider three classes of secrecy rate maximization problems (chapters 2, 3, 4). In particular, chapter 2 studies the secure information transmission in a multiple-input single-output (MISO) relay system by using joint beamforming and artificial noise strategy under the deterministic uncertainty channel models of all links. Without using a relay, chapter 3 addresses the problem of transfer wireless information and power simultaneously in MISO secure system where scenarios of perfect channel state information and deterministic uncertainty channel models are concerned. Transmit beamforming without artificial noise and that with artificial noise are investigated. Under the assumption of statistical channel state information to eavesdroppers, chapter 4 studies the probability constrained secrecy rate maximization problem in multiuser MISO simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) system. The unified approach based on DC programming and DCA is proposed to solve three classes of optimization problems. The optimization problem in chapter 2 is recast as two general DC programs. The general DCA schemes are proposed to solve these two DC programs. In chapter 3, we consider four optimization problems in accordance with four scenarios. Exploiting the special structures of these original optimization problems, we transform it into four general DC programs for which the corresponding general DCA based algorithms are developed. In chapter 4, we first transform the considered problem into a tractable form. We then develop an alternating scheme to solve the transformed problem. Two general DC programs are proposed in each step of the alternating scheme. For solving these DC programs, we study a variant of general DCA, namely, DCA−ρ scheme. The convergence of alternating general DCA−ρ scheme is proven. The second part studies the transmit power optimization problem under the probability constraints of secrecy rate and harvested energy in a MISO SWIPT system (chapter 5). We reformulate the original problem as three general DC programs for which the corresponding general DCA-based algorithms are investigated. Numerical results demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed algorithms.
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Phuong Anh Nguyen. DC programming and DCA for physical layer security in wireless network. Computer Science [cs]. Université de Lorraine, 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0023⟩. ⟨tel-02877630⟩

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