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Application de la fabrication additive à la modélisation physique des joints et des massifs rocheux, par approches expérimentales et numériques

Abstract : This thesis presents a study of the application of additive manufacturing (known as 3D printing) to rock mechanics. It is part of a larger project aimed at building a 2m3 physical model of an explicit discontinuous rock mass, whose behaviour is mainly controlled by discontinuities. The 3DP technology adopted in this work is selective laser sintering, and the material is Polyamide 12. First, we present the experimental results of the mechanical characterization of artificial rock joints constructed by 3DP. Two joint families are tested. The first is characterized by a fixed aperture (0,4mm), a simplified geometry (planar or sawtooth), and containing rock bridges. The mechanical characterization shows that these joints exhibit a mechanical behavior similar to that of natural rock joints under shear tests, with a cohesion driven by the rock bridges, and a friction angle which depends on the angle of the asperities. The second family consists of joints with more realistic roughnesses, to which a JRC value, commonly used to describe natural joints, can be assigned. Again, experimental results show the potential of artificial joints to reproduce the mechanical behavior of natural joints, and to respect the Barton-Bandis criterion. Experimental studies are coupled with numerical modeling, using the UDEC software, to define the appropriate model that reproduces the experimental results, and to calibrate the mechanical parameters of both joints type. After defining different artificial joints with controlled parameters, cylindrical samples (16 x 32 cm) containing two and eight planar discontinuities with rock bridges are printed and tested under uni-axial compression. This is a first attempt at an explicitly discontinuous physical model containing joints with controlled mechanical behaviour. The mechanical behavior of these samples highlights the influence of discontinuities in controlling the global behavior and resistance of rock masses. The results are then compared to a numerical modeling under 3EDC. Finally, scaling laws are applied to the previous results. The application of scale factors to the experimental results shows the possibility of representing natural rock mass and rock joints with artificial 3DP joints (SLS technique) up to a scale factor on metric dimensions of 1/25.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 7, 2020 - 4:00:58 PM
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Jana Jaber. Application de la fabrication additive à la modélisation physique des joints et des massifs rocheux, par approches expérimentales et numériques. Génie civil. Université de Lorraine, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0071⟩. ⟨tel-02960385⟩



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