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L’interculturalité et l’hétérolinguisme dans les œuvres romanesques de Paul Lomami-Tshibamba et Henri Lopes

Abstract : This comparative study analyses the literary dynamics of intercultural exchange in the novels of Paul Lomami-Tshibamba and Henri Lopes, writers from the two Congo. It examines, from a sociolinguistic perspective, the traces of local cultures in narrative, including referential toponymy, and, in general, the use that French-speaking African writers make of local languages in their French-language narratives. The study examines the linguistic phenomena perceptible in lexical morphology and syntactic structures, markers of heterolingualism and interculturality. It begins by examining the notion of Francophonie and identifying the notions of interculturality, multiculturalism, bilingualism, interlanguage and heterolingualism, in particular with regard to the writings of Paul Lomami-Tshibamba and Henri Lopes. It also takes a more global approach to the works of the two authors, taking into account language registers and forms of Congolese heterolingualism. The analysis of the corpus reveals their use of familiar registers of African (in this case Congolese) orality, and, in the case of Lomami, of sustained registers marked by sophisticated, rare expressions that can be described as hypercorrect. Finally, from a narratological point of view, the study looks at the diversity of narrators and points of view and offers an analysis of the most important characters. While Paul Lomami-Tshibamba uses only one narrator, Henri Lopes sometimes changes narrators. From the omniscient heterodiegetic narrator to different types of involved narrators (through irony, in particular) and homodiegetic enunciators, the works present a wide variety of solutions. The characters analyzed, chosen as tokens of the tensions underlying interculturality and heterolingualism, correspond to the worldview that the novelist wishes to translate and transmit. The narrative work of these major writers, representing two literary generations from the same cultural space, thus appear in their specificity, while they also open up further research perspectives.
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Arlette Kifungwasi Kufwanda. L’interculturalité et l’hétérolinguisme dans les œuvres romanesques de Paul Lomami-Tshibamba et Henri Lopes. Littératures. Université de Lorraine; Katholieke universiteit te Leuven, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0100⟩. ⟨tel-02989129⟩

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