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Theses

Migrations internationales et mutations spatiales par l´habitat : le cas de la diaspora camerounaise dans la ville de Yaoundé

Abstract : In this doctoral thesis entitled "International migration and spatial changes in housing: the case of the Cameroonian Diaspora in Yaounde," we focus on the integration of international migrants in the city of Yaounde, through their land and housing production. Our goal is to contribute to the knowledge of these productive investments, through the study and the capitalization of the types of land and housing production of the members of the Cameroonian Diaspora in Yaounde and adds value as at integration of migrants in the host country and the production of housing in general in the country. The realization of this study is based on statistical, graphical and comparative analysis of data on land and housing output in Yaounde, from 1990 to 2010. These data are from public institutions of the housing sector in Cameroon, the Yaounde City Council, as well as the neighborhood survey conducted on an exhaustive approach on land and housing investments in the city of Yaounde. We also used satellite images and consulted many scientific works on the subject. The city of Yaounde, site of this study is located at 3° 50'N and 11° 32 'E. It has an estimated population in 2005 of 1,817,524 inhabitants. Its estimated population in 2010 is about 2.15 million inhabitants and the 2030, could reach 3.5 million. This means new housing needs, which are estimated at about 719 000. This context seems to represent a set of favorable conditions for land and housing investment and international migrant is emerging as a new actor. Indeed, the impact of international migration and urban change in the country of origin are noticeable from the land, revealing new challenges and subject to tough competition. Yaounde is the place of intense deployment strategies for migrants’ investments. Their land and housing productions are noticeable, although they remain modest and represented only 0.13% of the total production. These investments are dominated by Cameroonians living in Europe (73.75%) followed by those of Cameroonian living in Americas (12.3%), those of African countries (8.63%) and of Asian (5.32%). They have spent between 5 and 10 years before taking the decision to produce a property in the city of Yaounde. Their productions have focused on three sectors (social, residential and commercial). Migrants perform important residential productions by their chains and their characteristics in the city of Yaounde. These investments are diversified and unequally distributed in the city and provide functions which must not underestimate the symbolic value or economic benefit. There is a lack of complementarity between building projects and housing policy of the country in general and the Yaounde city in particular. The result, regardless of the merit of achievements, cannot guarantee to medium and long term structuring of the land and housing economy of the city, much less reverse one hand migration dynamics, and on the other the inflation in rental charges these recent years in the city of Yaounde. Indeed, migrants face obstacles emanate from exogenous weaknesses amplified by endogenous shortcomings.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-03218324
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 5, 2021 - 3:11:17 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 6, 2021 - 3:28:34 AM

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Jean-Marie Nkenné. Migrations internationales et mutations spatiales par l´habitat : le cas de la diaspora camerounaise dans la ville de Yaoundé. Sociologie. Université de Lorraine, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0285⟩. ⟨tel-03218324⟩

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