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Theses

Fractionnement anthropique et naturel des isotopes stables du néodyme (Nd) dans l'environnement

Abstract : With the worldwide growing demand for various applications (new technologies, green energies, etc.), rare earth elements (REEs) are now considered as emerging pollutants. These pollutions are/will be of industrial origin (e.g. industrial wastes), of mining origin, or caused by the inappropriate storage of industrial products (e.g. neodymium (Nd) magnets fragile against corrosion). In this context, this PhD project aims to develop a new tool: the study of the mass-dependent isotopic fractionation of Nd (δNd in ‰). The goals of this work were to i) bring the maximum of information in order to help to identify and trace anthropogenic Nd in the environment, and ii) help the understanding of how plants accumulate REEs, especially the hyperaccumulator Dicranopteris linearis ferns, in order to support the studies about the phytoremediation of polluted areas. The δNd of anthropogenic materials (pure Nd synthetic solutions, Nd2Fe14B industrial magnets; δ148Nd range of 1.45 ‰, literature included) was compared to the signature of natural terrestrial rocks of the literature (δ148Nd range of 0.66 ‰). Our results show that the use together of i) the 143Nd radiogenic isotope (ε143Nd, tracer of sources), ii) the stable Nd isotopic composition of Nd (δNd, tracer of sources and processes) and, iii) the kind of stable Nd isotopic fractionation (kinetic or thermodynamic equilibrium), could allow the distinction of the natural from the anthropogenic Nd, and to trace the anthropogenic Nd in the environment. The measurement of the δNd of 5 D. linearis fern specimens, and of 3 biological standards (lichen, apple leaves and duck weed) allowed discovering that biology can fractionate the stable Nd isotopes. Extreme δ148Nd values are -0.415 ± 0.060 ‰ and -0.011 ± 0.022 ‰ (2σmean), respectively for one of the fern petiole and the duck weed. Three principal results were obtained: i) the δNd fractionation is correlated to the fractionation of the light REEs than the heavy REEs for all the studied samples (ferns, lichen, apple leaves, duck weed and all soil materials); ii) the distribution and transport of Nd (and REEs) in the different parts of ferns are correlated to those of manganese (Mn), suggesting similar transport mechanisms for REEs and Mn, for ferns but also for other plants as apple trees; iii) the degradation of clay minerals, on which REEs are mostly adsorbed in the studied soils, can induce the fractionation of stable Nd isotopes, from natural processes (e.g. biological) or anthropogenic processes (REEs mining acidic extraction).
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https://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/ulprive/DDOC_T_2020_0295_BOTHAMY.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-03285427
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 13, 2021 - 12:25:08 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 14, 2021 - 3:43:15 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03285427, version 1

Citation

Nina Bothamy. Fractionnement anthropique et naturel des isotopes stables du néodyme (Nd) dans l'environnement. Géochimie. Université de Lorraine, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0295⟩. ⟨tel-03285427⟩

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