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Adhérences de certaines orbites dans la variété de drapeaux, résolution et normalité dans les types classiques A, B, D

Abstract : Let G be a connected algebraic reductive group in types A, B, or D, and e be a nilpotent element of its Lie algebra with centralizer Z:=Z_G(e). We suppose the characteristic zero and that e corresponds to a nilpotent endomorphism of order two. We sketch a proof of the following result: all Z-orbit closures Y in the flag variety X of G are normal. It extends a work of Nicolas Perrin and Evgeny Smirnov which deals with an irreducible component Y of the Springer fiber X(e) in types A and D. We use the same main arguments, namely an induction based on (1): the existence of a suitable birational morphism onto Y, and (2): the surjectivity of section restrictions of an ample line bundle. For us (1) will be obtained thanks to good Weyl group elements, Schubert varieties, Bott-Samelson varieties and several fundamental results from Roger Wolcott Richardson and Tonny Albert Springer on symmetric spaces. On the other hand, (2) follows from a theorem proved by Xuhua He and Jesper Funch Thomsen which states Frobenius splittings of Y-like varieties. It thus implies (2) in positive characteristic and we just have to pass it through the zero : we then merely produce an example of the reduction modulo p method.Our work suggests several avenues of research and could be improved in several directions. It could have implications for the study of the irreducible components of the Steinberg variety and thus for the calculation of the characteristic polynomials. They have been introduced by Anthony Joseph in order to constitute irreducible representations of the Weyl group. Our work also raises the question of its generalization to the C type, the exceptional types and the positive characteristic.
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Submitted on : Saturday, March 5, 2022 - 9:26:27 AM
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Simon Jacques. Adhérences de certaines orbites dans la variété de drapeaux, résolution et normalité dans les types classiques A, B, D. Mathématiques [math]. Université de Lorraine, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LORR0299⟩. ⟨tel-03598443⟩

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