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Diffusion, adoption et implémentation du BIM dans les agences d'architectures en France

Abstract : Building Information Modeling (BIM) is a set of methods, processes and tools that provide continuity and use of building information throughout its lifecycle. It improves the way buildings are designed, built and managed. BIM diffusion is encouraged in France and throughout the world because it holds great potential both for the Architecture Engineering Construction and Operation (AECO) sector and for the State as an asset manager. However, its diffusion requires the development of an extensive regulatory, technical and social framework. Its diffusion is slow and raises a broad range of reactions from practitioners, especially architects. As a central member of the project management team and intervening at the beginning of a building lifecycle, architects are a key player of BIM diffusion among the AECO sector. Although BIM is a collaborative innovation, the adoption of BIM practices impacts each firm individually. This impact is very little known and studied, both at the organizational level and at the sector level. In this research work, we propose several models for understanding the diffusion and adoption of BIM in organizations, as well as the factors that influence it. These models have allowed us to survey architectural firms using mixed methods in order to map the state of the architectural sector, the progress of BIM adoption within firms, and the strategies that they develop to implement BIM practices. The survey highlighted some contradictions between the professional culture of architects and characteristics of the BIM technology. The interest of many design firms in BIM practices despite these contradictions could be a sign of a cultural change. Our immersion in four architecture firms within the scope of action research has allowed us to study the mechanisms that take place during the implementation of BIM tools and practices. Implementation is often a radical change for a design firm and is difficult to carry out. We exploited all the observations made during the survey and research action to provide recommendations and a roadmap for design firms wishing to implement BIM practices.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 6, 2022 - 4:39:33 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 13, 2022 - 3:39:32 AM


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Elodie Hochscheid. Diffusion, adoption et implémentation du BIM dans les agences d'architectures en France. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université de Lorraine, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LORR0207⟩. ⟨tel-03633019v2⟩



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