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Politique du héros chrétien dans "Clovis" (1657) de Desmarets de Saint-Sorlin et "Saint Louis" (1658) de Pierre Le Moyne

Abstract : The heroic poems that appeared in France in the 1650s have long been viewed as pale imitations of Homer, Virgil, and the Delivered Jerusalem. This study attempts to reconstruct and better understand the literary and politico-cultural context of this poetic corpus by comparing the two epics which feature the King of France as an epic hero, Clovis (1657) by Desmarets de Saint-Sorlin and Saint Louis (1658) by Pierre Le Moyne. These poets were inspired by the poetics of Tasso, which is based on the ambition to adapt the epic to the modern age, and chooses the plausible Christian marvelous and the theme of the medieval crusade. In France however, this new model of magnanimous epic warrior, does not fit well with the devout image of the « Christian prince » of the Catholic Counter-Reformation. Moreover, this synthesis itself comes into conflict with the figure of the « absolute Prince ». This figure emerged in the kingdom from the disastrous religious wars of the sixteenth Century, at the time of the Reason of State. It embodies the model of absolute sovereignty conceptualized by political thinkers after Jean Bodin, whichdemanding immediate obedience. The French heroic poem is therefore characterized by numerous axiological tensions between several regulatory ideals: epic heroism of aristocratic essence, royal absolutist policy, and Counter-Reformation Christian holiness. Its originality is therefore to be found in this status of "thinking machine without concepts", which attempts to repair the cracks in history and to resolve the theologico-political antinomies of the first modernity, by producing a complex and unstable axiological synthesis. It is the very fragility of this construction that made its reception difficult as soon as the anthropological-historical configuration that had given it birth evolved, and compromised the readability of this corpus
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Submitted on : Monday, May 9, 2022 - 3:52:33 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 3:35:35 AM

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Lucien Wagner. Politique du héros chrétien dans "Clovis" (1657) de Desmarets de Saint-Sorlin et "Saint Louis" (1658) de Pierre Le Moyne. Littératures. Université de Lorraine, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LORR0239⟩. ⟨tel-03662826⟩



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