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Theses

Contribution à la modélisation thermomécanique des vibrations en coupe oblique et à l'établissement d'un plan optimal de maintenance intégré à la production tenant compte des conditions d'usinage

Abstract : In this study, we are interested in a machining production system which is one of the manufacturing processes most adopted by the various mechanical industries (automotive, aviation…etc.). The objective of this multidisciplinary thesis (Mechanics and Industrial Engineering) is double: (1) the development of a new thermomechanical model of oblique cutting in dry machining and (2) the maximization of profit in order to establish a strategy production and a preventive maintenance plan.The coupling between the machining operation and the part "simultaneous optimization of production and maintenance costs" is done by considering the effect of cutting conditions on the generated surface quality and on the tool wear. In the proposed approach, wear is taken into account through Taylor's empirical law and the machined surface quality is predicted via a new model of vibrations in oblique cutting.The first objective of this work concerns the development of a new thermomechanical model of the oblique cutting with vibration. In this analytical cutting model, the vibratory system is assimilated to a system with a single degree of freedom in the tool feed direction. We take into account the coupling between tool oscillations, the thermomechanical process of chip formation as well as the regenerative effect. The latter results from the variation in the material quantity to be machined between two successive passes. The coupling between all of these mechanisms makes the problem to be solved strongly nonlinear. A resolution algorithm making it possible to reduce the computation time has been implemented.The second objective of the thesis is achieved through the development of an analytical model where the optimization consists in maximizing a profit integrating selling price of finished product, production and maintenance costs. We note the originality of this part consists in considering the impact of the machining conditions, especially the cutting speed, on the production durations and costs, the quality of the machined parts as well as the degradation of the production system. The impact of machining conditions on three fundamental aspects is therefore considered simultaneously for the "simultaneous optimization of production and maintenance costs" part. The first concerns the impact of machining conditions on production time and costs. The second concerns the impact on the degradation of the machining system and therefore on the optimal maintenance plan to be adopted. The third concerns the impact on the quality of the output product which directly affects the selling costs and more specifically the total profit. These interactions are taken into account through the development of an analytical model to establish an optimal integrated production maintenance plan for the machining system, illustrated by the optimal switching date for changing cutting speed and the optimal numbers of batches to produce before every preventive maintenance action for every production phase. Every production phase is characterized by a cutting speed.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 12, 2022 - 4:57:12 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 13, 2022 - 3:36:54 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03666789, version 1

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El Mehdi Kibbou. Contribution à la modélisation thermomécanique des vibrations en coupe oblique et à l'établissement d'un plan optimal de maintenance intégré à la production tenant compte des conditions d'usinage. Sciences de l'ingénieur [physics]. Université de Lorraine, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LORR0234⟩. ⟨tel-03666789⟩

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