Chemical Degradation of a Mixture of tri-n-Octylamine and 1-Tridecanol in the Presence of Chromium(VI) in Acidic Sulfate Media

Abstract : The chemical degradation of an extraction solvent composed of a mixture of tri-n-octylamine (extractant) and 1-tridecanol (phase modifier) in n-dodecane in contact with an acidic aqueous sulfate solution containing chromium(VI) has been investigated. The kinetics of degradation and the degradation products have been determined. GC-MS analyses evidenced the formation of 1-tridecanal, din -octylamine, N,N,N-octen-1-yl-dioctylamine, and an unidentified degradation compound, which may have contained a double bond and a carboxylic acid function. The mechanisms of degradation have been discussed on the basis of these identified degradation compounds. The study of the degradation kinetics showed that an increase of tri-n-octylamine concentration in the organic phase is responsible for a decrease of the degradation rate, while an increase in sulfuric acid concentration in the aqueous phase leads to a strong increase in the degradation rate.
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Alexandre Chagnes, Gérard Cote. Chemical Degradation of a Mixture of tri-n-Octylamine and 1-Tridecanol in the Presence of Chromium(VI) in Acidic Sulfate Media. Metals, MDPI, 2018, 8 (1), pp.57. ⟨10.3390/met8010057⟩. ⟨hal-02182973⟩

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