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Crystal structure and crystallographic characteristics of martensite in Ni 50 Mn 38 Sb 12 alloys

Abstract : For Ni–Mn–Sb ferromagnetic multifunctional alloys, the crystal structures of martensite variants and the orientation relationships between them are decisive factors for their magnetic field-induced behaviours and are hence of importance. Such information has rarely been reported in the literature. In the present work, the crystal structure, microstructure and orientation relationships of Ni–Mn–Sb martensite were thoroughly investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). Through XRD analyses, the crystal structure of the martensite, including the crystal system, the space group, the lattice parameters and the atomic coordinates, was fully resolved. The structure is orthorhombic and can be represented with a 4O superstructure. EBSD analyses show that the Ni–Mn–Sb martensite has a lamellar form. One martensite lamella corresponds to one orientation variant. The lamellae are organized in long plate-shaped colonies. Within each colony, four distinct orientation variants (A, B, C and D) appear repeatedly and extend in roughly the same direction. The four variants are twin related to one another, with variants A and C (or variants B and D) forming a type I twin, variants A and B (or C and D) a type II twin, and variants A and D (or B and C) a compound twin. The complete twinning elements for each twin relation were thus fully determined. The interfaces between the variants were identified to be their corresponding twinning planes. All these results provide fundamental information for Ni–Mn–Sb alloys that is useful for interpreting their magnetic and mechanical characteristics.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03080456
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 17, 2020 - 5:01:09 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 30, 2021 - 3:12:03 PM

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Chunyang Zhang, Haile Yan, Y. D. Zhang, Claude Esling, Xiang Zhao, et al.. Crystal structure and crystallographic characteristics of martensite in Ni 50 Mn 38 Sb 12 alloys. Journal of Applied Crystallography, International Union of Crystallography, 2016, 49 (2), pp.513-519. ⟨10.1107/S1600576716002296⟩. ⟨hal-03080456⟩

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