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Effects and bioaccumulation of Cr(III), Cr(VI) and their mixture in the freshwater mussel Corbicula fluminea

Abstract : Chromium has two main oxidation states, Cr(III) and Cr(VI), that can occur simultaneously in natural waters. Current consensus holds that Cr(VI) is of high ecotoxicological concern, but regards Cr(III) as poorly bioavailable and relatively non-toxic. In this work, the effects and bioaccumulation of Cr(III), Cr(VI) and their mixture were studied using the freshwater clam Corbicula fluminea as a model organism. Mixture exposures were carried out using solutions isotopically enriched in 50Cr(III) or 53Cr(VI), allowing to quantify the contribution of each redox form to total Cr accumulation in the clams. Following exposure to individual redox forms, Cr(III) accumulated preferentially in the digestive glands and Cr(VI) in the gills of C. fluminea. In mixture exposures, both redox forms accumulated mainly in the gills; the concentration of Cr(III) in the digestive glands being much lowered compared with individual exposures. Both oxidation states affected the expression of biomarkers related to energy reserves, cellular damage and mitochondrial functioning, as well as the expression of mRNA for detoxification genes. The observed effects differed between gills and digestive glands. The present study suggests that Cr(III) is a bioavailable and biologically active elemental species deserving more consideration by the ecotoxicological community.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03405490
Contributor : Davide Vignati Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, October 28, 2021 - 6:01:25 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, October 30, 2021 - 3:58:10 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03405490, version 2

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Imad Aharchaou, A. Maul, Marie-Noëlle Pons, Danièle Pauly, Hélène Poirot, et al.. Effects and bioaccumulation of Cr(III), Cr(VI) and their mixture in the freshwater mussel Corbicula fluminea. 2021. ⟨hal-03405490v2⟩

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