On the high cycle fatigue resistance of austenitic stainless steels with surface gradient microstructures: Effect of load ratio and associated residual stress modification - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Materials Science and Engineering: A Year : 2022

On the high cycle fatigue resistance of austenitic stainless steels with surface gradient microstructures: Effect of load ratio and associated residual stress modification

Abstract

The effect of gradient microstructure generated by ultrasonic surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) on the fatigue performance of an austenitic stainless steel has been evaluated in the context of localized and general plasticity by comparing two load ratios: fully reversed tension-compression (TC) RTC = -1 and tension-tension (TT) RTT = +0.1, respectively. After identical SMAT processing conditions, the fatigue limit was enhanced by +17% for RTC while it was reduced by -7% for RTT. Under RTC cyclic loading, self-heating of the specimens and sub-surface martensitic transformation occurred but not for RTT. The residual stress measurements have also revealed that while the stress gradient was smoothed after the RTC fatigue loading, it was completely reverted for the RTT one. In turns, the fatigue crack initiation sites and propagation were modified between the RTC and RTT loading conditions. Considering the stabilized surface residual stress after fatigue loading, the use of a Crossland criterion allowed to explain both the effects of load ratio and SMAT on the high cycle fatigue behavior of the stainless steel. It turns out that under the studied loading conditions the modifications of residual stress state can be considered as the primary factor governing the varying fatigue performances and the observed triggering at different initiation sites.
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Dates and versions

hal-03601305 , version 1 (09-03-2022)

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Clément Dureau, Mandana Arzaghi, Roxane Massion, Yves Nadot, Thierry Grosdidier. On the high cycle fatigue resistance of austenitic stainless steels with surface gradient microstructures: Effect of load ratio and associated residual stress modification. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 2022, pp.142916. ⟨10.1016/j.msea.2022.142916⟩. ⟨hal-03601305⟩
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