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Numerical investigation of the respective roles of cohesive and hydrodynamic forces in aggregate restructuring under shear flow

Abstract : Hypothesis Aggregate structure is conditioned by a balance of cohesive forces between primary particles and hydrodynamic forces induced by the surrounding flow. Numerical simulations for different ratios between radial and tangential components of cohesive forces to hydrodynamic forces should highlight the role of the each force in aggregate restructuring under shear flow. Experiments Aggregates sharing similar morphological characteristics were algorithmically created. The forces between primary particles were accounted for using models taken from the literature. Aggregates with different cohesive forces were then submitted to shear by imposing a shear stress in the liquid phase. Hydrodynamic forces were calculated following two approaches: first, with a free draining approximation to extract general trends, then with immersed boundaries in a lattice Boltzmann flow solver to fully resolve the flow and particle dynamics. Findings Aggregate structural changes were tracked over time and their stable final size, or eventual breakage, was recorded. Their final structure was found to depend little on normal cohesive forces but is strongly impacted by tangential forces. Normal forces, however, strongly affect breakage probability. Furthermore, resistance to deformation at the aggregate scale induces a flow disturbance that reduces drag forces compared to the free-draining approximation, significantly impacting aggregate restructuring. Keywords: Fractal aggregates, Colloidal interactions, Hydrodynamic interactions, Free-draining approximation, Lattice Boltzmann method, Discrete Element Method, Resolved hydrodynamics, Immersed Boundary Method
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03606193
Contributor : Jean-Sébastien Kroll-Rabotin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, March 11, 2022 - 3:56:17 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 14, 2022 - 3:34:32 AM

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Akash Saxena, Jean-Sébastien Kroll-Rabotin, R. Sean Sanders. Numerical investigation of the respective roles of cohesive and hydrodynamic forces in aggregate restructuring under shear flow. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Elsevier, 2022, 608, pp.355-365. ⟨10.1016/j.jcis.2021.08.208⟩. ⟨hal-03606193⟩

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