Complementarities of high energy WAXS and Raman spectroscopy measurements to study the crystalline phase orientation in polypropylene blends during tensile test - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Polymer Year : 2015

Complementarities of high energy WAXS and Raman spectroscopy measurements to study the crystalline phase orientation in polypropylene blends during tensile test

Marc Ponçot
Connectez-vous pour contacter l'auteur
Julien Martin
Samuel Chaudemanche
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 777579
  • IdRef : 178168890
Thomas Schenk
Jean-Philippe Tinnes
Isabelle Royaud
Abdesselam Dahoun

Abstract

In situ measurements using simultaneously Raman spectroscopy and high energy wide angles X-rays scattering (HE-WAXS) were carried out during uniaxial tensile tests of different polypropylene blends (neat isotactic polypropylene e iPP, high impact polypropylene e iPP/EPR, and high impact polypropylene filled by 7%wt of m-talc particles e iPP/EPR þ m-talc) at various strain rates (5.10 À3 s À1 , 10 À3 s À1 and 5.10 À4 s À1). Tensile tests were performed using the Vid eoTraction™ system to determine the true mechanical behavior of materials in a Representative Volume Element (RVE) where microstructural analyses by the both experimental techniques are obtained. Evolutions of the macromolecular chains orientation have been obtained live at the macromolecular and crystalline cell scales. Experimental results show both that over the course of adding charges in the iPP matrix or increasing the true strain rate, this major micromechanism of deformation of semi-crystalline polymers would be less and less important until its complete disappearance in case of iPP/EPR filled by m-talc particles. Moreover, correlations made between both techniques evidence similar results over a wide range of true strains. However, measurements diverge at lower and higher strains due to singularities of each both techniques which are discussed in terms of experimental protocols and materials microstructure modifications (transient mesophase, volume damage). Finally, the determination of the true intrinsic mechanical behaviors show similar stress hardening slopes for the three studied iPP blends which means that they all present an highly fibrillar microstructure. The differences of macromolecular chains orientation levels between each material is then discussed in terms of analysis volume of both techniques which could be responsible of their lack of accuracy in case of filled polymers.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Accepted version Polymer.pdf (6.69 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Files produced by the author(s)

Dates and versions

hal-03957585 , version 1 (26-01-2023)

Licence

Identifiers

Cite

Marc Ponçot, Julien Martin, Samuel Chaudemanche, Olivier Ferry, Thomas Schenk, et al.. Complementarities of high energy WAXS and Raman spectroscopy measurements to study the crystalline phase orientation in polypropylene blends during tensile test. Polymer, 2015, 80, pp.27-37. ⟨10.1016/j.polymer.2015.10.040⟩. ⟨hal-03957585⟩
248 View
21 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More