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Caractérisation moléculaire et enzymatique d’une HCT impliquée dans la biosynthèse de dérivés d’acide caféoyl-quinique chez Ipomoea batatas

Abstract : Specialized in the production of plant actives, the company PAT develops an innovate research activity that consists of producing or modifying by enzymatic pathway, molecules naturally present in plants. The species Ipomoea batatas contains numerous caffeoylquinic acid derivatives, predominantly 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid (3,5-DCQ), an antioxydant molecule arousing interest in cosmetics. However, biosynthesis pathway of this molecule is poorly established in order to exploit the genes of interest by metabolic engineering approaches to increase the production. The work realized in the frame of this PhD concerns the identification and functional characterization of a hydroxycinnamoyl transferase (HCT) in order to increase the production of 3,5-DCQ either in microorganisms or in recombinant plants. To perform this work, an RNAseq databank was generated allowing to access to coding sequences. These sequences were analysed by alignment of sequences encoding for hydroxycinnamoyl transferases (HCT, HQT) involved in the biosynthesis of a potential precursor, chlorogenic acid. A first screening was performed by utilizing an approach of differential expression of genes. The function of genes was studied by heterologous expression in bacterial systems and by plant transgenesis approaches. The production of target metabolites was analyzed in transgenic plants and cell cultures. On these plants, we conducted tests of resistance to fungal pathogens. We identified an HCT that shares 85% of identity with a HCT isolated from coffee previously characterized in 3,5-DCQ biosynthesis. This activity was shown in vitro for HCT of Ipomee. Moreover, the expression of target gene led to an overproduction of 3,5-DCQ in cell cultures of tobacco expressing HCT. This molecule inhibits growth of Botrytis cinerea and Phytophthora parasitica. Giving that amounts of 3,5-DCQ are very low compared to the plant of origin, these results suggest the involvement of other genes in this biosynthesis pathway. Antifungal activity of 3,5-DCQ could be exploited for agrochimic applications
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Léonor Duriot. Caractérisation moléculaire et enzymatique d’une HCT impliquée dans la biosynthèse de dérivés d’acide caféoyl-quinique chez Ipomoea batatas. Sciences agricoles. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0224⟩. ⟨tel-01597649v2⟩

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