Réduction des ondulations de couple d'une machine synchrone à réluctance variable : Approches par la structure et par la commande

Abstract : This work deals with the modelling and control of synchronous reluctance machine in order to attenuate the torque ripple. The adopted methodology concerns both the electromagnetic structure of the machine and its feeding currents waveshapes. Firstly, a state of the art of torque ripple minimisation techniques in electrical machines is drawn up. Then, an electromagnetic model, taking into account all the space harmonics, based on winding functions approach, is proposed in order to compute the electromagnetic torque with its whole harmonic spectrum. The results of this model are compared with finite elements analysis ones and a good agreement between them is obtained. A parametric analysis of the machine is then done with the goal of maximizing the mean torque and minimizing the torque ripple. An optimal structure is then defined. The second part of this work is interested in the control in order to compensate the torque ripple. For the dynamic simulations of the vector controlled machine, the proposed model being low time consuming, is favourably and easily used. Two methods for torque ripple compensation are then proposed. The first one consists to determine the feeding currents that produce a constant torque by optimizing another criterion such as Joule losses or power factor. A systematic method of calculation of these currents is developed using Lagrange's multipliers. In the second method the load torque is tracked and corrected by the injection of an additional current into the torque control loop. Numerical simulations of the two methods give good results. The experimental validation of the calculation is performed on a prototype machine that we have calculated and realized. The results of the calculations are favourably compared to measurements.
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Mohand Ouramdane Hamiti. Réduction des ondulations de couple d'une machine synchrone à réluctance variable : Approches par la structure et par la commande. Autre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009NAN10043⟩. ⟨tel-01748414⟩

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