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Analyse et synthèse de multimodèles pour le diagnostic : application à une station d'épuration

Abstract : This thesis deals with analysis and synthesis of multiple model structures for model simplification, state estimation and diagnosis of nonlinear systems represented by one or several time-scales. This work aims, at first, to develop a systematic procedure to transform a nonlinear system into a multiple model form, by avoiding some major drawbacks : the transformation causes no information loss, the choice of the different operating points is no more necessary, the choice of the premise variables is realized in a more systematic way. Furthermore, the method gives the possibility of choosing between different multiplemodel structures. This degree of freedom will be used to ease the controllability, observ-ability, stability analysis studies. Secondly, the derivation of a singularly perturbed form for a multiple time scale non linear system is proposed, by eliminating some structuralconstraints and by making the identification and the separation of the time-scales independent to the model structure. Thirdly, the robust observer synthesis with respect to perturbations, modeling errors and unknown inputs are presented for state and unknowninput estimation. The difficulty of these studies comes from the fact that the multiple model depends on unmeasurable premise variables, this case being not intensively studied, whereas it results naturally from the method of transformation nonlinear system - multiple model. Afterward, fault diagnosis is performed using banks of observer to generate andstructure residual signals. Finally, this works are applied to a model of wastewater treatment plant, Activated Sludge Model No.1 (ASM1) that is largely used in the concerned fiel
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Anca Maria Nagy Kiss. Analyse et synthèse de multimodèles pour le diagnostic : application à une station d'épuration. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010INPL078N⟩. ⟨tel-01748873⟩



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