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Study on crystallographic features of Ni-Mn-Ga ferromagnetic shape memory alloys

Abstract : In this work, the crystallographic features of martensites in Ni-Mn-Ga alloys were detailed studied. By using superstructure information for EBSD mapping on 5M martensite in Ni50Mn28Ga22 alloy and 7M martensite in Ni50Mn30Ga20 alloy, the crystal structures were confirmed and the variant number, twin orientation relationships of adjacent variants and twin interface planes were unambiguously determined. Based on the accurate orientation data of martensite variants, the transformation ORs for austenite-5M and austenite-7M were indirectly determined with no presence of initial austenite. For the NM martensite of Ni54Mn24Ga22, the nano-scale twin lamellae in martensitic plates were revealed, and the inter-plate interfaces and inter-lamellar interfaces were analyzed. In a Ni53Mn22Ga25 alloy with co-existence of austenite and martensite at room temperature, the formation of characteristic diamond-like martensite microstructure with four variants during the austenite-7M martensite transformation was evidenced. The 7M martensite occurs on cooling as a thermodynamically metastable phase that is intermediate between the parent austenite and the final NM martensite. 7M martensite possesses an independent crystal structure, rather than the nanotwin combination of normal non-modulated martensite. The role of 7M martensite in the transformation from the cubic austenite to the tetragonal NM martensite has been clarified, which is at the request of mitigating the large lattice mismatch between the cubic austenite and the tetragonal NM martensite and avoiding the formation of the incoherent NM plate interfaces that represent insurmountable energy barrier
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Zongbin Li. Study on crystallographic features of Ni-Mn-Ga ferromagnetic shape memory alloys. Other. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2011. English. ⟨NNT : 2011METZ046S⟩. ⟨tel-01749173⟩

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