Study of the redox and acid-base properties of soda-lime silicate glass: application to the high temperature corrosion of Ni-based alloys and ceramic materials

Abstract : The corrosion behaviour of chromia (Cr2O3) and alumina (Al2O3) forming alloys in soda-lime silicate melts was studied by using electrochemical measurements. The general aspects of the corrosion by molten glass as well as the redox reactions and the kinetics ruling the corrosion process were determined. The results revealed that Al2O3 is not able to provide protection against corrosion since it has a high dissolution in the melt. However Cr2O3 forming alloy could resist against corrosion if the alloy was subjected to a preoxidation treatment. A competition between the oxide growth and its dissolution in the melt rules the durability of the protective Cr2O3 layer. Thus, the physicochemistry of Cr2O3 in molten glass was then studied in order to understand the influence of temperatures (T), oxygen fugacities (fO2) and glass composition on the limit of solubility of Cr2O3. A preliminary kinetics study revealed that the time to reach equilibrium varies with these parameters. A thermodynamic study showed that the influence of T and fO2 on the Cr2O3 solubility in ternary soda-lime silicate melts (Na2O-CaO-xSiO2) is in coherence with results previously obtained in binary melts (Na2O-xSiO2). Nevertheless, the Cr2O3 solubility in ternary melts is lower than in binary melts. The influence of basicity was studied in both melts by taking into account the theoretical optical basicity (^th) and the activity of Na2O (aNa2O). The redox ratios (CrII/CrIII and CrVI/CrIII) were determined through a mathematical refinement. The comparison with the results obtained in binary melts and the deviation from the theoretical values expected when speciation of Cr is involved, induced assumptions on the role played by CaO in influencing the reactions involving species from O2-/O2 couple
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Tuti Katrina Abdullah. Study of the redox and acid-base properties of soda-lime silicate glass: application to the high temperature corrosion of Ni-based alloys and ceramic materials. Food and Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0290⟩. ⟨tel-01750643⟩

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