Étude et analyse de couches minces par techniques multi-spectroscopiques pour une application sur une ligne de galvanisation

Abstract : With the emergence of new steel loaded in reactive elements, the characterization of the physico-chemical properties of the surface states has taken a new dimension. Indeed, the thin films of oxide formed are damaging for the surface quality of the steel and may adversely affect the application of varied coatings. Also, to ensure a good quality on finished products, the need to characterize, online, the steel surface over its entire width is increasingly necessary. The hyperspectral imaging is an emerging technology that allows both spatial and spectral characterization of a surface. It had never been used to characterize thin layers in the steel industry. During my PhD, both methodologies have been developed to meet this need: one via a measurement in specular reflection and the other via a measurement in emission. In addition to a synthesis of reference samples, a full experimental development ranging from a simulation bench to the data processing was performed. This work has demonstrated the capability of the hyperspectral imaging to detect thin surface oxide layers on a steel surface, sometimes at several hundred degrees Celsius. These encouraging results led to the first industrial implementation of this technology. This thesis made it possible to study theoretically and experimentally the phenomena involved and to move from the concept that meets an industrial need to the implementation of an online sensor dedicated to the characterization of a thin oxide layer on a moving surface in industrial conditions
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Morgan Ferté. Étude et analyse de couches minces par techniques multi-spectroscopiques pour une application sur une ligne de galvanisation. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0206⟩. ⟨tel-01751175⟩

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