Conception de biosenseurs fluorescents multicolores pour l'identification in vivo des interactions bio-physicochimiques dans les systèmes minéral-bactérie

Abstract : Monitoring terrestrial ecosystems requires a better understanding of the interactions between microorganisms, minerals and metals in the environment. To assess in vivo availability of metals such as iron in bacteria-mineral system, an approach based on whole-cell fluorescent biosensors and non-invasive spectroscopy was explored. This work led to the construction in Pseudomonas aeruginosa of a set of gene fusions coupling iron-regulated promoters to multicolour fluorescent reporters. The recombinant strains were used as sensors of structural iron availability in nontronites NAu-1 and NAu-2. The response of these biosensors was studied by coupling synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy (SFS) with canonical polyadic Candecomp/Parafac (CP) decomposition. On the basis of experimental designs favouring response diversity, the coupled SFS-CP method guarantees a joint estimate of gene expression from multiple promoters, even in highly fluorescent media. This novel method can solve the issue of spectral bleed-through of fluorescent proteins and provides a means to integrate multiple signals from combinations of whole-cell fluorescent bioreporters. In addition, we could show using SFS-CP that P. aeruginosa indirectly mobilize Fe(III) from nontronites primarily through the production of pyoverdine siderophore. The structural Fe(III) present on the edges of NAu-2 rather than NAu-1 particles appears to be more bioaccessible, suggesting that the distribution of Fe, in the tetrahedron and/or in the octahedron sites, governs the solubilization process
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Damien Parrello. Conception de biosenseurs fluorescents multicolores pour l'identification in vivo des interactions bio-physicochimiques dans les systèmes minéral-bactérie. Sciences de la Terre. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0362⟩. ⟨tel-01751812⟩

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