Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation

Textures and microstructures in Al, Cu and Mg under severe plastic deformation

Abstract : Severe plastic deformation (SPD) is an efficient technique to transform the microstructure of bulk metals into ultra fine grained structure with grain sizes less than 1 µm or even into nanostructure with nano-grains of less than 100 nm in diameter. The very small grain size attributes excellent mechanical properties to the material. In present thesis work, two recently developed SPD techniques, namely, High Pressure Tube Twisting (HPTT) and Cyclic Expansion and Extrusion (CEE) were performed on different metallic materials at room temperature. Details of fragmentation of microstructure and metallographic texture evolution were investigated by electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), transmission kikuchi diffraction (TKD) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Shear strain gradient across the thickness of the HPTT deformed Al tube sample was found by a local shear measurement method. This shear strain gradient induced the inhomogeneity of microstructure and texture in HPTT deformed pure Al, solid solution alloy Al-4%Mg and pure Mg. The microhardness and average grain size in different zones as a function of shear strain were measured. The limiting steady grain sizes in the steady state for these different materials produced by HPTT were 700 nm, 100 nm and 900 nm, respectively. The texture evolution of pure Mg in HPTT up to a shear strain of 16 was simulated in simple shear using the self-consistent (VPSC) polycrystal model and showed good agreements with the experimental results measured by XRD. Based on the measured disorientation distribution function in HPTT deformed Al, a new technique for the magnitude of local shear strain in SPD was proposed. This new technique was applied to a protrusion produced in twist extrusion (TE) and to an Al sample deformed in free-end torsion. Cu and pure Al samples were intensively deformed by the CEE SPD technique. The microstructure and texture evolutions were measured by EBSD, showing a gradient from the center-zone to the edge part of the rod sample. The texture evolution of CEE deformed Cu was simulated by the VPSC polycrystal model using a flow line function. The simulation results confirmed the experimental texture features observed in the CEE process. The tensile testing behavior of large strain torsion pre-processed Cu was examined. In spite of the shear strain gradient existing in the bar, a technique was proposed to obtain the tensile stress-strain curve of such gradient material.
Document type :
File URL :
Complete list of metadatas
Contributor : Thèses Ul <>
Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 1:39:54 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 17, 2020 - 2:58:14 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-01752259, version 1


Cai Chen. Textures and microstructures in Al, Cu and Mg under severe plastic deformation. Other. Université de Lorraine, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0061⟩. ⟨tel-01752259⟩



Record views