Elaboration et caractérisation physico-chimique de nanosemiconducteurs de type II-VI

Abstract : CdSe and CdS nanocrystals (NC) were produced by thermally growing cadmium thiophenolates organometallic precursors. These precursors were previously synthesized by a sol-gel reaction. The synthesis protocol has been validated by the study of their composition and stability by ESI-FTICR mass spectrometry. An innovative thermal growth method has been used by applying a temperature ramp with extraction of NC at fixed values. This approach is different of usual methods described in the literature as the NC sampling is done at lower temperatures ensuring the elaboration of smaller particles (< 2 nm) during shorter reaction time (< 200 min). The NC were characterized by combined physical and physical-chemical techniques. Spherical shape, average size (~2-3,5 nm) and size distribution (8-19 %) were determined by TEM. DRX confirmed the würtzite structure of the synthesized NC. Additional data of average size were obtained by DRX and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry confirming those obtained by TEM. Room temperature optical spectrometry has demonstrated the evolution of the absorption and the photoluminescence as a function of the extraction temperature, more particularly, the fundamental transition of energy shifts due to the quantum confinement effect. These results are consistent with the empirical correspondence 'excitonic energy/NC size' universally recognized. Finally, the theoretical study of the different optical spectra shows the limit of the envelope-function approximation for very small size particles
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Didier Arl. Elaboration et caractérisation physico-chimique de nanosemiconducteurs de type II-VI. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009METZ026S⟩. ⟨tel-01752651⟩

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