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L'explosion des "lotissements" de 1969 à 1986 dans le sillon mosellan et ses bouleversements dans la transformation du pays messin

Abstract : Since 1958 and the beginning of General de Gaulle's Government, increasing centralisation and the rising power of monopolies enabled the sitting up of mass technocratic housing estates. Obsolete high building district brought about a new technocratic product in 1969, the horizontal concentrations called "chalandonniennes", whose social purpose fails to mask economic concerns as well as the need to realize the projects of the "country development policy". From 1973 on, while the latter pattern loses ground, Giscard d'Estaing used the ideology of the quality of living and its myths of individual real estate ownership and of ruralisation to foster the creation of "rural building plot", which was a clever compromise to find an answer to this social, economic and development preoccupations. This type of town-planning has brought about great disorders. First on the ecological level: the failing integration of "building plot" maimed the traditional rural landscape. Then on the sociological level: choosing one's own house as a new consumer good has meant forgetting the close link which united the inhabitant with his environment. Finaly the "building plot", which triggered stern segregational phenomenon, has also designed a new planning conception of a straggling type, which the "region of Metz" is an exemple of. Within these new limits, will the conglomeration of the next millenary be a spreading city? A green city? A dormitory town ?
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01775844
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Emile-Pierre Gueneau. L'explosion des "lotissements" de 1969 à 1986 dans le sillon mosellan et ses bouleversements dans la transformation du pays messin. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 1990. Français. ⟨NNT : 1990METZ005L⟩. ⟨tel-01775844⟩

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