Étude expérimentale et modélisation multi-physique de l’évolution de la microstructure dans les procédés d’usinage de l'alliage de titane Ti-6Al-4V

Abstract : The present work concerns the study of the machining of titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V. This material is much appreciated by the aerospace, biomedical and energy industries for its advantageous properties: high resistance to high temperatures and corrosion, high mechanical strength, biocompatibility, etc. However, certain physical properties of these materials, such as their low thermal conductivity, lead to difficulties during the machining process. Studies have been and are still conducted to understand the behavior of these materials during their shaping. Few studies consider the influence of microstructure on the behavior of titanium alloys during the machining process. This is one of the originalities of the present work. The microstructural phenomena are characterized through an experimental study of orthogonal cutting of the Ti-6Al-4V alloy. Machining forces, temperature, chip morphology and microstructure are analyzed and discussed. A numerical study of the finite element simulation process is used to understand the role of damage and recrystallization. From the conclusions of these different studies, the construction of a new model of behavior is proposed. This model is applied to finite element modeling for different cutting conditions to study the influence of machining parameters. The model is validated by comparison with the experimental results. It is then used to propose an analysis of the microstructural phenomena during the cutting process and the formation of the chip.
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Dominique Ibrahima Yameogo. Étude expérimentale et modélisation multi-physique de l’évolution de la microstructure dans les procédés d’usinage de l'alliage de titane Ti-6Al-4V. Science des matériaux [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université de Lorraine, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0022⟩. ⟨tel-02131198⟩

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