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Thin films based on Gadolinium applied to the magnetic refrigeration

Abstract : The search for materials with a giant magnetocaloric effect in a massive state and at a temperature close to ambient temperature is of great interest and is mainly obtained by varying the composition of the materials. However, the first-order transition in these materials exhibits considerable thermal hysteresis, making them difficult to handle in applications for refrigerators operating cyclically. Much effort has been made in recent years to reduce this hysteresis, but the performance obtained with these massive materials does not meet the requirements of efficient magnetic refrigeration. Magnetocaloric materials have been largely unexplored on the nanoscale. However, nanostructuring is a well-known and used approach to disrupt the developed structure-property relationships, hence the interest in manufacturing new nanoscale materials. This will improve their magnetic and magnetocaloric characteristics by varying the size and shape. On the other hand, the magnetocaloric effect in magnetic thin layers is particularly interesting for micro-refrigeration. It is therefore important to study the magnetocaloric properties of materials in the form of thin layers in order to eliminate thermal hysteresis. In this sense, few studies have been done to show the potential of thin film materials for magnetic refrigeration and magnetic properties (saturation magnetization, variation of magnetic entropy and relative cooling ratio ...) measured so far limited remains. In this thesis project, we studied metallic gadolinium, which is the preferred choice as a magnetic refrigerant for most prototypes of active magnetic regenerator (AMR) in the form of a thin layer. The magnetocaloric (MCE) and electrocaloric (ECE) properties of the manufactured gadolinium films (Si / Ta / Gd (100 nm) / Pt (3nm)) are measured, in order to obtain more information on the physics behind the interesting electronic and magnetic properties of this material we demonstrate the magneto-caloric effect of the thin film Gd by measuring the electrical transport of the resistance. Thus, during this thesis, the electrical and especially magnetic behaviors of LaCr2Si2C and multiferroics TbMn2O5 are described using the ab-initio method, in order to broaden our understanding of the electronic, magnetic and therefore magnetocaloric characteristics of these compounds based on rare earth. The development of thin layers for magnetic refrigeration was carried out in the materials science research laboratory with the nanomagnetism and spin electronics team at the Jean Lamour Institute in Nancy and the theoretical calculations are made in the material laboratory condensed and interdisciplinary sciences at the Faculty of Sciences of Rabat.
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  • HAL Id : tel-03128459, version 1

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Asmaa Endichi. Thin films based on Gadolinium applied to the magnetic refrigeration. Physics [physics]. Université de Lorraine; Université Mohammed V (Rabat), 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0150⟩. ⟨tel-03128459⟩

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